Condominiums have homeowners associations (HOAs). But so do subdivisions and other developments that aren’t condos. Most HOAs are created according to a recorded document that’s filed when the subdivision is created. It’s usually called something like restrictive covenants, a declaration of covenants and restrictions, or the like. Let’s just call them covenants.
-Some covenants give the HOA the power to assess dues, file liens for non-payment, and collect attorneys’ fees if necessary. Some do not.
-Most covenants make HOA membership mandatory and give the HOA power to enforce things like approval of building additions, restrictions on operating a business, above-ground pools, fence-height limits, and various other prohibitions the developer thought were good ideas.
-Some HOAs plow streets and cut lawns. Some do not.
-Most HOAs hold annual elections for new directors and prepare annual budgets.
All these things depend on what the covenants actually say. We’ve written a lot of them. If you are a developer, we’ll help you write yours. If you’re on an HOA board, we’ll help you do your job.